Identification and Profiling of a Novel Diazaspiro[3.4]octane Chemical Series Active against Multiple Stages of the Human Malaria Parasite and Optimization Efforts.
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Journal:Journal of medicinal chemistry, Volume: 64, Issue: 4
A novel diazaspiro[3.4]octane series was identified from a whole-cell high-throughput screening campaign. Hits displayed activity against multiple stages of the parasite lifecycle, which together with a novel sp-rich scaffold provided an attractive starting point for a hit-to-lead medicinal chemistry optimization and biological profiling program. Structure-activity-relationship studies led to the identification of compounds that showed low nanomolar asexual blood-stage activity (<50 nM) together with strong gametocyte sterilizing properties that translated to transmission-blocking activity in the standard membrane feeding assay. Mechanistic studies through resistance selection with one of the analogues followed by whole-genome sequencing implicated the cyclic amine resistance locus in the mode of resistance.