Nuclear repositioning precedes promoter accessibility and is linked to the switching frequency of a Plasmodium falciparum invasion gene.

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Journal:
Cell host & microbe, Volume: 12, Issue: 6
Published:
December 13, 2012
PMID:
23245319
Authors:
Bradley I Coleman BI, Ulf Ribacke U, Micah Manary M, Amy K Bei AK, Elizabeth A Winzeler EA, Dyann F Wirth DF, Manoj T Duraisingh MT
Abstract:

Variation of surface adhesins, such as the Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte invasion ligand PfRh4, is critical for virulence and immune evasion in many microbes. While phenotypic switching is linked to transcriptional changes and chromatin function, the determinants of switching frequency remain poorly defined. By expressing a prokaryotic DNA methylase in P. falciparum, we directly assayed accessibility of transcriptionally active and silent chromatin at the PfRh4 locus. Parasites selected for in vivo PfRh4 activation show a reversible increase in promoter accessibility and exhibit perinuclear repositioning of the locus from a silent to a conserved activation domain. Forced activation of a proximal gene results in a similar repositioning of the PfRh4 locus, with a concomitant increase in PfRh4 activation in a subpopulation of parasites and promoter accessibility correlating with actively transcribed loci. Thus, nuclear repositioning is associated with increased P. falciparum switching frequency, while promoter accessibility is tightly linked to clonally active PfRh4 promoters.